The critical process in each system is a patented multi-blade, multi-chambered pulverizing mill. The concept was first introduced in the 1800’s for producing Flour from wheat grain. The concept was later modified and utilized to prepare ‘slag coal’ into micro-fuel for furnace firing. Because green sawdust and woodchip is hard to burn, the concept was again modified to convert that resource into dry powder to create a highly efficient fuel for heating wood drying Kiln’s in the timber industry. Modifications to improve the concept and its capability to process wet sticky biosolid (cake) was designed by the same people responsible for developing the coal slag and wood waste versions in the 1960’s, once again proving versatility and durability of the design.

A requirement unique to drying biowaste and manure is sterilization and the destruction of pathogen and toxin contaminants. The capability of the mobile dryer to travel to a source and convert manure to powder before the critical gestation period for biological activity is able to start and become the root cause for all associated environmental concerns, is a capability not duplicated by other technology.

The ‘Proof of Concept’ audit (performed by SKM Engineering) verified that the system can reduce wet bio-waste carrying 80% water to powder with residual moisture of 4%. It also verified that dry biofuel produced by the process and used as the primary fuel does produce a flame at the temperature required to produce sterile by-product.


General Information

This Executive Summary supports a solicitation for investment funds to finance the construction and commission of a fully operating Mobile Biosolid Dryer further described herein. The technology will service and benefit those sectors of the agriculture industry that collect and store high volumes of raw manure as a function of raising animals (Swine, Poultry, Bovine and others) in the production of food for human consumption. It will provide the same relief to sectors that also must contend with the disposal of large volumes of manure, i.e. Equestrian.

Manure solid is a rich source of fertilizer nutrient and contains high levels of usable energy but only when it is dry. When this material is turned to powder, it is immediately valuable as soil amendment or fertilizer, containing concentrations of nutrient required for the growth of food crop. It is also valuable as high octane fuel for furnace firing where high temperature heat is required.

In this venture, investment funds will support a campaign to introduce the technology to the agriculture service industry that currently contracts to stock and produce farms for the disposal of high volumes of raw manure onto cultivated land.


“For more than a century turf management in agriculture has been mired in the mistaken belief that soil is mostly a chemical medium, Biotic fertilizers are designed to mimic and surpass nature’s ability to build soil fertility” ( Hatfield, USDA). This statement suggests that out-of-the box thinking on how to better use technology to serve future agriculture stands to reap big rewards.

Mr. Jerry Hatfield, Director USDA-ARS, Ames, Iowa, (Agronomist, Plant Physiologist, and Nobel Peace Prize Honoree) opined in part, “the assumption that the same amount of food will have to be produced in the next 50 years as in the last 500 years can be translated into the increased need for nutrients”, and stated when discussing the global challenge facing food crop growers. He further emphasizes the need to rethink how that will be achieved as irrigable land dwindles.

In a separate but related statement, Hatfield further opined that; “In a hypothetical Biotic Fertilizer program implemented (to) completely replace the current NPK fertility program (which) generated the same increase in corn yields as the (USDA) Ames field tests, (the state of) Iowa could have generated a possible $6.4 billion in additional yield production value (in a single year)….” These statements made while supporting his arguments for more effective utilization of manure waste nutrient to achieve substantial increases in crop yield.

Statements drawn from the summary of a comprehensive market research document on “Nutrient Demand and Resource”(conducted by “MarketsandMarkets's™” which characterizes its self as a “global flagship of competitive intelligence and market research platform connecting over 200,000 markets, and entire value chains for deeper understanding of unmet insights, along with market sizing and forecasts of niche markets”), offers the following;

“The rearing of livestock and consumption of animal products has made a fundamental contribution towards the nutritional and economic well being of millions of people globally. Animal feed plays a crucial role in the global food supply. Food that is given to the domestic animal during the course of animal husbandry is referred to as animal feed. It is the most vital and largest component to ensure that consumers receive abundant and safe animal proteins”.

It further states; “In the years to come, there lies a serious challenge of demographics and sustainability ahead of the food and feed industry. The FAO (The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization) has estimated that globally there needs to be a production of ~60% more food by the year 2050, and hence it is believed that animal protein production will increase even more. The production of meat (which includes poultry, beef, and swine) and dairy is predicted to double, whereas demand for fish production is expected to triple by 2050”.

While the subject matter of the sourced quotes differ (Fertilizer and Feed Stock Nutrient), they confirm a readymade market for a reliable source of Crop & Feedstock Nutrient production and therefore a need for an open minded attitude toward more efficient recovery systems. One that can be readily transported to a farm to recover the abundance of nutrient from digestive waste that present a unique set of handling challenges caused by excessive amounts of water. Animal manure, specifically Poultry and Swine offer concentrated sources of nutrient - but only when dry.

Until recently manure management had evolved from ‘convenient and preferred’ methods of handling by individual farm managers. The introduction of CAFO’s produced a concentration of manure in large volume which does not just disappear. It is a by-product of modern farming methods that is now a critical element (and cost) for farm management. A benefit of the high concentrated volume is that science has discovered its value as a cash resource especially from the modern pork, dairy or poultry farm. A downside is that with the intrusion of urban populations into once exclusively farming regions, new resident complaints about normal farm “smells” are receiving significant court adjudicated fines for claimed environmental pollution caused by the application of raw manure to crop fields.

If the findings of the most preeminent experts in the agricultural scientific community are accepted regarding the challenges facing world food production, then the foundation (and necessity) for the technology promoted by Crena Resources is well established. It answers the call for more effective and efficient recovery and utilization of organic nutrient to close the gap between food crop production and demand.

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The Crena Resources business plan has designed flexibility to provide farm management multiple options for revenue generation;

  1. Sale or Lease of technology to industry adopters

  2. Licensed access to IP for manufacturers and sales to designated and foreign markets

  3. Implementation and management for drying services to specific farms

  4. Control and distribution of manure by-product with soil amendment and/or renewable fuel

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